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If you go traveling to Cambodia, don’t forget to visit Angkor Wat. It is also called Capital Temple and with its area of 162.6 hectares, it becomes the largest religious monument in the globe. The Angkor Wat history noted that this temple was originally built by Suryavarman II, the Khmer King, as a Hindu temple. It was constructed for the Khmer Empire. High class architecture designs are presented in this building. Then, it was transformed into a Buddhist temple.
Beautiful Architecture of Angkor Wat
The Angkor Wat is categorized as a unique temple mountain. It is the representation of Mount Meru which is believed as the God’s home. There is a quincunx, a central tower that symbolizes the five numbers of the mountain peaks. In addition, the walls and the moat symbolize the ocean and the mountain ranges that surround it. Because of its orientation to the west, many judged that this temple was intended for the Suryavarman’s funerary temple. But later, evidence showed that this orientation refers to normal order, based on the Hindu terminology, prasavya. Another proof had a notion that this temple was dedicated to Vishnu.
Classic style architecture was applied. For the construction, by the 12th century, the architects used sandstone rather than used laterite or brick. Sandstone is the main material of this Angkor Wat temple. However, laterite material was also used for the outer wall and some hidden parts. Then, for the joints, some experts suggest that the architects used slaked lime or resins. These materials were compactly added together with a perfect proportions and arrangements.
The Angkor Wat was completed with some features such as towers, passageways, galleries, enclosures and terraces. The access was built with earth bank and causeway made of sandstone. Wooden bridge was employed for the entrance. Forest and ponds are surrounding the central structure of the temple. This main structure was completed with three galleries dedicated to the king, the moon and Vishnu. Completing the visual appearance of the temple, extensive decoration was applied. The reliefs represent some scenes of Hindu.
Current Angkor Wat
The Angkor Wat today is the result of some restorations. There are some temples in Cambodia and all of them have faced some deteriorating threats and damages. The current look is magnificent so that it becomes a perfect historical tourism. It was started on 1990’s with thousands visitors per year. Surprisingly, in 2013 the numbers of foreign visitors were over two million. Significant growth of the tourists visiting Angkor Wat has been noted. To meet the requirement of this prospect, some projects are developed such as sewage, water and electricity systems which are improved to support the tourism.